SLD Determination

//SLD Determination
SLD Determination 2017-12-12T09:15:56+00:00

SLD Determination

Eligibility for SLD is to determine whether a child exhibits a pattern of strengths and weaknesses in performance, achievement, or both, relative to age, State-approved grade-level standards, or intellectual development. The assessment of intellectual development is used to rule out cognitive impairment and to address specific processing of strengths and weaknesses.

The 2006 re-authorization of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) included new regulatory language for identifying students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). Subsections 300.307 & 300.309 of the federal register outline the following three methods States may consider when identifying SLD:
  • The child exhibits a pattern of strengths and weaknesses in performance, achievement, or both relative to age, State-approved grade-level standards, or intellectual development (“PSW”)
  • The child does not make sufficient progress to meet age or State-approved grade-level standards in response to scientific, research-based intervention (“RtI”)
  • Other alternative research-based procedures In May of 2010 the Michigan Department of Education (MDE) released Michigan criteria to help intermediate school districts (ISDs) and local education agencies (LEAs) comply with both IDEIA and the Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE). The MDE’s guiding document allows educational agencies the flexibility to choose from the first two methods noted above: pattern of strengths and weaknesses (PSW) or response to intervention (RtI). Continued use of the traditional discrepancy model is discouraged.